语法填空解题技巧口诀高中(语法填空解题技巧思维导图)

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阅读下面短文,在空白处填人1个适当的单词或括号内单同的正确形式。DuringtheWarofResisianceAgainstJapaneseAggression(1931-1945),JohnRabe,abusinessmanfromHamburg,togetherwithoth

阅读下面短文,在空白处填人1个适当的单词或括号内单同的正确形式。

语法填空解题技巧口诀高中(语法填空解题技巧思维导图)

During the War of Resisiance Against Japanese Aggression (1931-1945) , John Rabe,a businessman from Hamburg,together with other _1_(foreigner) ,established the Nanjing Safety Zone to protect hundreds of thousands of people_2_ Japanese troops.He also wrote a diary,in _3_he recorded crimes committed by the Japanese ,_4_(include) the Nanjing Massarce(大用杀). So when Thomas Rabe (a professor at the University of Heidelberg's medical school) ,the grandson of John Rabe, _5_ ( reach)out for help from Germany during the COVID19 outbreak,many people in Nanjing took action _6_( immediate)to provide the needed medical supplies. He said some of his family members had showed symptoms of coronavirus infection,but the medicine he needed was sold out. The hospital he worked for also had a _7_ (short)of necessary medical supplies and protective suits. The embassy bought some medicine from China and sent the supplies to Rabe in late March. Those supplies _8_(deliver) to Berlin on April 17 and arrived at the embassy on Monday. Embassy workers drove 700 kilometers on Tuesday _9_ (send) the supplies to Rabe, the city of Heidelberg and the university._10_ Chinese people have done moved Thomas deeply.

语法填空解题技巧口诀高中(语法填空解题技巧思维导图)

1. foreigners 2. from/against 3.which64. including 5. reached 6. immediately7. shortage 8. were delivered

9. to send10. What

【语篇导读】本文是一篇新闻报道。二战中,来自德国汉堡的拉贝先生在南京建立了一个保护区,保护了许许多多的中国人免于日寇屠杀。新冠疫情暴发时,拉贝先生的孙子及其家人感染了新冠病毒。南京人民获悉后,第一时间送去了抗疫物资,积极救治。

1.foreigners 考查名词的数。other意为“其他的”,后接可数名词的复数形式;foreigner为可数名词。故填 foreigners.2.from/against考查介词。本句中含有短语"protect. . .from/against. . . ”,意为“保护······免受······侵害”。故填 from或against.

3.which 考查定语从句的引导词。本句中含有一个由“介词in+关系代词”引导的定语从句,补充说明先行词a diary,从句中不缺乏主语和宾语,缺状语,表地点,关系代词应用 which,in which相当于where.故填 which.

4.including 考查词性转换。此处表示“包括南京大屠杀”,应用介词including.故填 including.

5.reached 考查动词的时态。根据时间状语“during the COVID-19 outbreak”可知,本句描述过去发生的事情,谓语动词应用过去式。故填reached.

6.immediately考查词性转换。此处为状语,修饰谓语 took action,应用副词。故填 immediately.

7.shortage 考查词性转换。本句中含有短语a shortage of. . . ,意为“短缺/缺乏···. . ·”,此处表示“缺乏必要的医疗物资”。故填 shortage.

8.were delivered

考查动词的时态和语态.由时间状语“on April 17”可知,本句应用一般过去时;supplies 和deliver之间存在被动关系,因而,此处应用一般过去时的被动语态。故填 were delivered.

语法填空解题技巧口诀高中(语法填空解题技巧思维导图)

9. to send,表目的。故填to send.

10. What 考查名词性从句的引导词。本句中含有一个主语从句,作主语;所填词引导该主语从句,表示“······的事情”,应用what引导。注意句首单词首字母应大写。故填 What.

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